Symptoms of autoimmune disease vary and depend on the type of autoimmune disease. Here is a quick overview of some of the symptoms of the most common autoimmune diseases:
Celiac disease: Inflammation and pain in the abdomen, chest burning, tiredness, weight loss, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Rheumatoid arthritis: Painful swelling and stiffness of the joints, particularly in the hands and feet.
Psoriasis: Joint pain, dry skin, skin rashes, and itchiness.
Inflammatory bowel disease: Stomach cramps, bloating, bloody diarrhea, nausea, and constipation.
Addison's disease: Tiredness, low blood pressure, low blood sugar, dizziness, dehydration, and loss of appetite.
Type 1 diabetes: Frequent urination, increased thirst, loss of energy, blurred vision, hunger, and nausea.
Vitiligo: Loss of skin color (especially noticeable in darker-skinned patients).
Hashimoto's disease: Weight gain, tiredness, depression, joint stiffness, and increased sensitivity to cold.
Graves' disease: Weight loss, anxiety, shaky hands, high blood pressure, and sweating.
Lupus: Muscle and joint pain, rash, tiredness, and fever.
Since many autoimmune diseases share similar symptoms, diagnosis is often challenging.
For example, lupus affects the joints in a similar way to RA but tends to be less severe. Lyme disease also causes joint stiffness and inflammation similarly to RA but is caused by a tick.
IBD has similar symptoms to celiac disease but is not typically caused by eating foods containing gluten.
Symptoms and Signs of an Autoimmune Disease
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, especially a combination of several of them, you may have an autoimmune disease:
- Uncontrolled blood sugar, especially as a child or young adult
- Joint pain, muscle pain or weakness or a tremor
- Weight loss, insomnia, heat intolerance or rapid heartbeat
- Recurrent rashes or hives, sun-sensitivity, a butterfly-shaped rash across your nose and cheeks.
- Difficulty concentrating or focusing
- Feeling tired or fatigued, weight gain or cold intolerance
- Hair loss or white patches on your skin or inside your mouth
- Abdominal pain, blood or mucus in your stool, diarrhea or mouth ulcers
- Dry eyes, mouth or skin
- Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
- Multiple miscarriages or blood clots
Diagnosis of Autoimmune Diseases
The following are some of the medical tests used to diagnose an autoimmune disease:
- Autoantibody tests: any of several tests that look for specific antibodies to your own tissues
- Antinuclear antibody tests: a type of autoantibody test that looks for antinuclear antibodies, which attack the nuclei of cells in your body
- Complete blood count: measures the numbers of red and white cells in your blood; when your immune system is actively fighting something, these numbers will vary from the normal
- C-reactive protein (CRP): elevated CRP is an indication of inflammation throughout your body
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate: this test indirectly measures how much inflammation is in your body
The diagnosis of autoimmune disease differs based on the specific disease. Rheumatoid arthritis, for example, may be diagnosed after a physical exam, blood test, or X-ray. These tests can determine the type of arthritis as well as how severe it is.
Diseases can sometimes take years to diagnose because many symptoms of autoimmune disorders mimic other diseases. Conditions like lupus and celiac disease may be misdiagnosed in their early stages because their symptoms are so similar to other diseases.
Hashimoto's disease and Graves' disease are a bit simpler to diagnose as they usually rely on a simple thyroid test. This test determines levels of thyroid hormone.
An autoimmune disease usually centers around the immune system and the antibodies produced by this system. As a result, diagnosis often involves testing for specific antibodies.
A complete blood count may be ordered to measure the amount of white and red blood cells. When the immune system is fighting something, the number of white and red blood cells will differ from normal levels.
Other tests can determine if there is any unusual inflammation in the body. Inflammation is a symptom that is fairly common among all autoimmune diseases. These tests include a C-reactive protein test and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate test.
A doctor should be seen right away as soon as symptoms begin. While symptoms may not always be caused by an autoimmune disease, it's best to tackle any issues right away than wait for them to get worse.
Medical Treatment Strategies
Unfortunately, conventional doctors only treat the symptoms of autoimmune diseases; they don't look to find the root cause. Often, they prescribe medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, or immunosuppressants.
All of these treatments fail to address the underlying cause of the autoimmune condition in the first place and, while they may be effective in the short term, they are not a long-term solution. Treatments involving immunosuppressant drugs increase the risk of severe infections and cancer when taken for long periods of time.
Medical treatments include:
- Hormone replacement therapy, if necessary
- Blood transfusions, if blood is affected
- Anti-inflammatory medication, if joints are affected
- Pain medication
- Immunosuppressive medication
- Physical therapy
Alternative Treatment Strategies
If you suspect that you have an autoimmune disease, the most important steps to stopping and reversing your disease and symptoms are to identify and then to treat the underlying root cause.
Identifying which autoimmune disease is affecting you can be a difficult process. Symptoms may be vague, and autoimmune diseases can present themselves in so many different ways, affecting the thyroid, the brain, the skin, or other organs.
Work closely with a functional medicine physician or naturopathic doctor to help you with a proper diagnosis. A proper diagnosis is key to getting well.
Ensure that they review your family medical history, and understand your risk factors for infections, food sensitivities and toxins, as well as listen to your body closely to discover how all of your symptoms are related. And, you should keep a food diary to track how you're feeling and when you have a specific flareup,
All of this is an essential part of diagnosing your problem and getting well. A functional medicine physician, naturopathic doctor or similar alternative health professional will help to narrow down which labs they recommend in order to help find the root cause of your condition.
Then, they can help you design a nutritional and overall wellness program to treat your disease.
The following alternative therapies have provided relief for some people:
- Nutritional therapy
- Raw Juicing therapy
- Detox therapy
- Herbal therapy
- Chiropractic therapy
https://www.aarda.org/ (American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association)